Just a year back they brought down a dictator; now they have restored the independent judiciary. My countrymen do me proud. This is people power.
Update: Dawn reports that the ranks of the lawyers movement have also been swollen by the presence of a large number of students. This is significant, since students, especially middle-class ones, have generally been apolitical and to the extent that there has been any student politics in Pakistan, it is mostly dominated by the squabbles between the youth wings of the different national parties.
Pakistan’s government has announced the reinstatement of Iftikhar Chaudhry, the deposed chief justice, in a bid to defuse the country’s political crisis and end a protest march that was threatening to turn into a violent confrontation.
Yusuf Raza Gilani, the prime minister, said Chaudhry would be reinstated as Pakistan’s supreme court chief justice on March 21, the day his replacement was due to retire.”I announce the restoration of all deposed judges ,including Mr Iftikhar Chaudhry, according to a promise made by the president of Pakistan and myself,” Gilani said on Monday in a televised address to the nation.
He also ordered all lawyers and political activists arrested over the past week to be freed immediately.
Al Jazeera’s Zeina Khodr, reporting from outside Chaudhry’s residence in Islamabad, said the “decision really has defused tensions and averted a political showdown”.
She said “a lot of Pakistanis will say that this is the beginning of the end of Zardari. … It is also significant that Zardari did not make the [reinstatement] announcement”.
In recent days, US officials, including Hillary Clinton, the secretary of state, had spoken to the country’s leaders, urging them to reach a deal.
Washington and other Western nations have been concerned that the crisis would weaken the country’s battle against Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters operating along its border with Afghanistan.
Al Jazeera’s Imran Khan, reporting from Lahore, said that Monday’s announcement could be seen as an embarrassing climb-down by the government or a move towards national political unity.
But for the several hundred jubilant lawyers and activists gathered outside Chaudhry’s Islamabad residence to celebrate, it was clear how they were taking it: the government backing down in the face of their protests.
Tariq Mehmud, a retired judge and a leader of the lawyers’ campaign, said it was a “victory for those who fought for independence of judiciary”.
But he cautioned that Chaudhry “has to forget the past. He has to forget the conduct of those who were apparently against him as well as us”.
March called off
The government concession came as thousands of protesters led by Nawaz Sharif, the main opposition leader, held a day of protest in Lahore on Sunday, and set off for Islamabad for the climax of a series of protests they had dubbed “the long march”.
To stop them from driving into the capital, the authorities had beefed up security, put the army on alert and positioned containers and trucks across roads outside the city, with violent confrontation appearing inevitable.
Video: Pakistan activists launch long march
Diary: Round one to Sharif
Following Gilani’s announcement, Sharif said he was calling off his protest march.
“We are now calling off this long march,” he said from inside his vehicle amid a sea of jubilant supporters in the central city of Gujranwala on Monday.
“Today the nation has received very happy news. We have said that we will restore the judges and the independent judiciary and by the grace of Allah we have achieved it,” he said, adding that “very soon we will play our role in implementing real democracy in this country”.
Sharif, leader of the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) party, had thrown his support behind the protest campaign by lawyers and judges, and senior members of his party were quick to claim an emphatic win for the government’s climb-down.
Genesis of crisis
Sharif latched on to Chaudhry’s cause two years ago but the current crisis began when Asif Ali Zardari, the president, ejected the PML-N from power in Punjab last month, after the supreme court barred Sharif and his younger brother Shahbaz from holding elected office.
Chaudhry, the former supreme court justice, was dismissed by Pervez Musharraf, the former president, on November 3, 2007 along with 60 other judges, when Musharraf declared emergency rule in a move to extend his presidency for another term.
Anti-government protesters fought running battles with police in Lahore [AFP]
Most of the judges had since been reinstated after Zardari took over as president six months ago.But Zardari repeatedly reneged on promises to return Chaudhry to his post with analysts suggesting that he feared the chief justice could pose a threat to his position.
Gilani’s early-morning announcement on Monday on Chaudhry’s reinstatement concluded a day of dramatic developments.
Before dawn on Sunday, hundreds of police surrounded Sharif’s residence in Lahore, carrying an order for his house arrest.
Sharif rejected the order as illegal and later left the house in a convoy of vehicles as police stood by.
Some of the protesters defied police barricades to gather near the city’s main courts complex and pelted riot police with rocks.